Research Articles

Please note while all articles are listed below, you may filter your reading by using the categories visable on the right hand of this page.  Please send any articles you have that you think are of value to 

NOTE: articles are listed aphabetically by first word of the title not by the date entered.

Please see the volunteer section of the home page to read about an opportunity to be the librarian of this page. 

Entries in older adults (1)


Interventions for Addressing Low Balance Confidence in Older Adults

Abstract Background: low balance confidence is a major health problem among older adults restricting their participation in daily life. Objectives: to determine what interventions are most effective in increasing balance confidence in older adults. Design: systematic review with meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials including at least one continuous end point of balance confidence. Studies, including adults 60 years or older without a neurological condition, were included in our study. Methods: the standardised mean difference (SMD) of continuous end points of balance confidence was calculated to estimate the pooled effect size with random-effect models. Methodological quality of trials was assessed using the Physical Therapy Evidence Database (PEDro) Scale. Results: thirty studies were included in this review and a meta-analysis was conducted for 24 studies. Interventions were pooled into exercise (n = 9 trials, 453 subjects), Tai Chi (n = 5 trials, 468 subjects), multifactorial intervention (n = 10 trials, 1,233 subjects). Low significant effects were found for exercise and multifactorial interventions (SMD 0.22–0.31) and medium (SMD 0.48) significant effects were found for Tai Chi. Conclusion: Tai chi interventions are the most beneficial in increasing the balance confidence of older adults.

Click to read more ...